Synthesis Author(s): Gavin McFarlane, Elena Naaktgeboren, Joshua Proto, Spring 2013
Comparison Question: How do humans transfer values to the spaces they inhabit?
Nate Stoll’s “Soundscapes in Tryon Creek” project seeks to identify and analyze the keynote sounds around the Tryon Creek watershed. Keynote sounds, as he explains in the abstract, are those “sounds ubiquitous to the soundscape that are highly influential to the other sounds occurring around them”; humans, however, are generally aware of them only on the unconscious level. As Stoll notes in the project background, we live in a visually dominated society, and so thought...—>view entire situated synthesis
Synthesis Author(s): Leah Kenney, Natalya Jensen, Keith Morency, Josef Minor
Comparison Question: What are some common trends in international Government - Public Health relationships?
Synthesis Author(s): Lauren Scott, Rebecca Robbins, Kyle Miller, Trey Danis Spring 2013
Comparison Question: How does the way people are educated about their impacts on the global community affect their lifestyle?
People have a major impact on everything that surrounds them. Some people are more conscious about how their actions impact others, which is exhibited in their lifestyle, but what is the reason for this? Education regarding the implication of human actions varies extensively around the globe. The common theme shared by these four projects that we are synthesizing is education. We compared past attitudes towards education to current ones and dissected the reason for...—>view entire situated synthesis
Synthesis Author(s): Samantha Shafer, Sarah Ruggiere, Max Haworth, Jhana Taylor Valentine, Finn Marino; Spring 2013
Comparison Question: How do environmental perceptions affect social behavior?
In the formation of our synthesis group, our common interest in environmental attitudes and behaviors led us to ask the question, How do environmental attitudes affect social behavior? In each project we examined, the situated example illustrated how social factors were behind environmental attitudes, which in turn influenced how people behaved. While comparing our five chosen projects, we interpreted “attitudes” as meaning how motivated, engaged and empowered individuals feel when it comes to topics...—>view entire situated synthesis
Synthesis Author(s): Genevieve Emerson, Freshman, Spring 2013, Nora Casey, Freshman, Spring 2013, Julian Varah-Sikes, Freshman, Spring 2013, Ian Umphrey, Freshman, Spring 2013
Comparison Question: What are the significant differences between wildlife reserves/conservation efforts in the United States and in East Africa?
We are now living in what has been coined “the Anthropocene”, a world in which humans have earned the title of most prevalent and dominant species in existence largely due to the war that has been waged with every other species on Earth in a fight for more space to support a growing human population, and humans have won every battle we have begun. However, what does this mean for the nonhuman species that we...—>view entire situated synthesis
Synthesis Author(s): Alex Pollak, Marlon Jiménez Oviedo, Anya Hall, Freshmen Spring 2013
Comparison Question: How do different land use practices reflect shifts in ideology over time?
For decades scholars have examined how different ideologies affect land use practices. On a smaller scale, there are three projects completed by ENVS students that we have looked at in order to explain how the use of land are evidential signs of ideological shifts over time. In 2011, Lucy Roberts, Elijah Probst, and Marko Demkiv proposed a project that attempted to explore how land use policy in Australia should be modified in order to account...—>view entire situated synthesis
Synthesis Author(s): Laurel Garrett, Julia Withers, Aaron Fellows, Robin Gropp First Year Spring 2013
Comparison Question: How do Ecuadorian economic practices and regulations define the consumption and distribution of common-pool resources?
In the past few decades, Ecuador has faced intense economic pressures from the international market as it has made an effort to become a part of the global economy. With more people moving to urban areas, there is a huge push towards industrial-scale commercial farming instead of subsistence-based agriculture. This, combined with economic stimuli to intensify export of fuels and other goods, has led to increased pressures on air, land, and water systems, through...—>view entire situated synthesis
Synthesis Author(s): Lauren Heald, Caitlin Morris, Emma Bobro, Spring 2013
Comparison Question: How do consumer demands and governmental regulations affect local food production?
In recent years, a spotlight has been placed on local food systems across the world. This spotlight has produced a demand for increased analysis on the food systems in various areas. Environmental Studies students have picked up this trend, and many projects focus on the different influences affecting local food production.“The Banana as a Driver of Land Use Change in Ecuador” by Devon Synder and McKenzie Southworth investigates the changes in land use over time...—>view entire situated synthesis
Synthesis Author(s): Max Whitaker, Susan Heinselman, Oliver Carlson, Spring 2013
Comparison Question: How do communities around the world address problems caused by land degradation?
Three studies addressing land degradation around the world are discussed here, and then compared to see different ways of combating the issues posed by lost land. The locations of the three studies are Swaziland, Australia, and New Zealand. In Swaziland, the problems of land degradation are due to overproduction of cash crops. In Australia, the problems are related to inadequate land management and policies instigated by Europeans who do not know the land....—>view entire situated synthesis
Synthesis Author(s): Michaela Koke, Sam Harman, Rachel Tanzer, Gabriella Seltzer, Spring 2013
Comparison Question: How do government policies in various regions affect socioeconomic and land use standards for those involved in agriculture?
Around the world, farmers and poor consumers are being affected by government policy or lack thereof. These four research projects discuss the potential role of government in determining the success of socioeconomic and land use initiatives. In her mash-up on Specialty Coffee Networks Between Guatemala and the US, researcher Tara Brown recognizes the poverty of coffee producers as a need for attention and concern, and delves into the role of government and consumers as...—>view entire situated synthesis
Synthesis Author(s): Dan Sizer, Graham Mitchell, Asha Nidumolu, Jacob Weiss. Spring 2013.
Comparison Question: How does a culture's relationship to the land affect how that culture spreads environmental awareness?
Environmental awareness only goes so far without the methods needed to instill an appreciation for the environment in our next generations. We chose projects in four different parts of the world that each emphasize environmental education. After analyzing these projects we realized that a culture’s relationship to the land greatly influences the way they spread environmental awareness. We define environmental awareness as the ability to realize a problem exists and take steps to determine...—>view entire situated synthesis
Synthesis Author(s): Caroline Bascetta, Mayana Bonapart, Lydia Bleifuss, Sandee Taylor, Peter Nocka, Zachary Marin, Spring 2013
Comparison Question: Does modern technology cause permanent damage to certain communities?
Our six projects involve the freshwater management, national parks, dams, the meat industry, and cyber-technology. All of the projects address the long-term damage inflicted upon the surrounding communities. This broad topic of modern technology can have positive effects ranging from the innovation of social media to better healthcare. On the contrary, there are also the negative consequences of water, air, and land pollution from creating dams, cars, or factories.
“Recapturing the Heart...—>view entire situated synthesis
Synthesis Author(s): Lucas Trimble (Spring 2013)
Comparison Question: What is the current state of the water system in India?
It goes without saying that water is an essential component to human survival, development and growth. Almost all of humanity’s largest and most productive cities were intentionally constructed in close proximity to the precious resource. While water is technically a renewable resource because it is self-replenishing, it is by no means considered “sustainable.” In recent decades, India has grown exponentially both economically and in population. With this rapid developmental expansion, demand for potable water, hydrologically...—>view entire situated synthesis
Synthesis Author(s): Libby Bissen, Sofia Koutzoukis, Jill Pinder & Olivia Owens, Spring 2013
Comparison Question: What role and challenges do governments have in animal conservation efforts?
As time has gone on in the progress of human development, the increases in dependence on technology, exponential growth of population, and high levels of consumption, put pressure on all realms of life on Earth. As we investigate the question of the government’s responsibility to animal conservation and how to implement these efforts, we realize the complexity of the issue. This duty spans across the globe, from East Africa to Idaho and across the United...—>view entire situated synthesis
Synthesis Author(s): Tess Chudzik, Lucas Ehrhard, Rebecca Kidder, Kimball Stewart
Comparison Question: How is forestry management influenced by economic pressures that are felt by both the logging industry and forest-dependent communities?
Forests are an incredibly valuable resource for many local economies. For example, In the United States, 75 percent of revenue from timber harvested on federally-owned land is allocated to the local economy (Watnick 2011). Many branches of the population benefit from a healthy and well-managed forest. The management of forests on federal land can dictate many environmental and economic factors. It is crucial to understand that one decision can impact a wide range of...—>view entire situated synthesis
Synthesis Author(s): Michael Fernandez (Freshman Spring 2013), Madelyn McMullen (Freshman Spring 2013), Katie Mahoney (Freshman 2013)
Comparison Question: How does water pollution affect the human populations dependent on water supplies?
This project focuses on the effects that water pollution has on the surrounding human populations. It focuses on three distinctly diverse cases that demonstrate the wide variety of effects of water pollution.
Water Security in India’s Slums is an enmeshed qualitative study of how the water supply’s health can radically influence the nature of urbanizing areas. In entering the affected area the researchers interviewed residents, governmental officials, and alike in order to determine the...—>view entire situated synthesis
Synthesis Author(s): Olivia Cornell, Sarah Sulam, Spring 2013
Comparison Question: What are the basic elements and benefits of ecotourism?
Ecotourism is a form of travel where participants visit undisturbed natural areas in an effort to experience a low-impact alternative to mass tourism. For some it is a spiritual journey in order to connect with the natural world, for others it is a way to give back to the global community. We found two projects, on two separate continents, corresponding with the topic of ecotourism.
In Africa, The Magoroto Mlinga Community Ecotourism Project works...—>view entire situated synthesis
Synthesis Author(s): Ellen Anderson, Daniel Leavenworth, Mikeala Owen, David Bennett
Comparison Question: How do different attitudes towards environmental change translate into natural resource conservation practices?
Our group is interested in the links between environment and culture. Specifically, we are interested in how different attitudes towards environmental change translate into natural resource conservation practices. We seek to explore this idea by comparing four different Lewis & Clark SGE projects: consequences of the American Dream, plastic bottled water consumption, environmental resource management in Australia, and shifting ideologies in India.
One of the projects we chose is called Consequences of the...—>view entire situated synthesis
Synthesis Author(s): Hannah Clements, Kevin Moriarty, Tori Abrams, Spring 2013
Comparison Question: To what extent are the methodologies of these projects effective in revealing the usage of alternative transportation systems?
Due to a common interest in alternative modes of transportation, our group came together and formulated a question asking what methods are the the most efficient in evaluating a city’s transportation systems. We found three projects pertaining to this topic, two of which are still in progress, which proved to be an obstacle in our analysis. Our synthesis focuses on which methods do and do not work to reveal the true usage of specific...—>view entire situated synthesis
Synthesis Author(s): Tom Krome, Patrick Lane, Osamu Kumasaka, Erika Page, Spring 2013
Comparison Question: How do land use management patterns correspond to nations' infrastructural and economic development?
As global systems flourish and spread, the problems that they propagate intensify and become more complex. By analyzing management policies of various participant nations, we hope to draw relevant comparisons between governments that must promote economic growth in order to develop infrastructure and those who have already become developed. Land use, and particularly the trend from agricultural to urban expansion, is well-suited to describing nations’ economic maturity.
Sub-Saharan Africa’s need for responsible farming practices is based...—>view entire situated synthesis